Deployment of biobased value chains


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New report available:

“Margin potential for a long-term sustainable wood pellet supply chain”

prepared by a team of IEA Bioenergy Task 40 authors

see below


IEA Bioenergy Task 40: Deployment of biobased value chains (in the triennium 2016-2018 known as Sustainable biomass markets and international bioenergy trade to support the biobased economy’), commonly abbreviated Task 40, was established under the International Energy Agency (IEA) Bioenergy Implementing Agreement in December 2003 with the aim of focusing on international bioenergy technology potential, barriers, and trade as well as its wider implications.

Margin potential for a long-term sustainable wood pellet supply chain

Uwe R. Fritsche (IINAS), Christiane Hennig (DBFZ), J. Richard Hess (INL), Ric Hoefnagels (UU), Patrick Lamers (INL), Chenlin Li (INL),
Olle Olsson (SEI), Fabian Schipfer (EEG), Daniela Thrän (DBFZ/UFZ), Jaya Shankar Tumuluru (INL), Lotte Visser (UU), Michael Wild (Wild
& Partner) & Henryk Haufe (DBFZ)



The existing wood pellet markets face increasing competition – both the large-scale use for co-firing with coal or standalone bio-powerplants (price pressure from other low-carbon electricity technologies) and the residential use (competition from e.g., district heating, heat pumps, biogas and biomethane, as well as renewable power-to-gas). On the other hand, wood pellets are seen as key supply option for Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS), and Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Use (BECCU) which may be needed to achieve net-negative greenhouse gas emissions. Given this background, the study presents a cost baseline for pellets, analyzes potential supply cost reductions, and evaluates the future market prospects of wood pellets in industrial low- and high-temperature heat, industrial processes (e.g. steelmaking), and for BECCS/BECCU.

Fritsche et al (2019) IEA Bio T40 Margin Pellet Study – Summary

Fritsche et al (2019) IEA Bio T40 Margin Pellet Study

Fritsche et al (2019) IEA Bio T40 Margin Pellet Study – Annexes


The future of biomass and bioenergy deployment and trade: a synthesis of 15 years IEA Bioenergy Task 40 on sustainable bioenergy trade

The paper is published as a feature article in a special issue of the Journal Biofuels, Bioproducts & Biorefining (BioPFR), Volume 13, Issue 2 (March 2019)


The aim of this paper is to provide a vision of how widespread trade and deployment of biomass for energy purposes can be integrated with the wider (bio)economy. It provides an overview of past and current trade flows of the main bioenergy products, and discusses the most important drivers and barriers for bioenergy in general, and more specifically the further development of bioenergy trade over the coming years. It discusses the role of bioenergy as part of the bioeconomy and other potential roles; and how it can help to achieve the sustainable development goals. The paper concludes that it is critical to demonstrate innovative and integrated value chains for biofuels, bioproducts, and biopower that can respond with agility to market factors while providing economic, environmental, and societal benefits to international trade and market. Furthermore, flexible biogenic carbon supply nets based on broad feedstock portfolios and multiple energy and material utilization pathways will reduce risks for involved stakeholder and foster the market entry and uptake of various densified biogenic carbon carriers.


IEA Bioenergy Webinar :

Biomass Pretreatment Options to Diversify the Resource Base           25 April 2019

This webinar presents the results of an IEA Bioenergy intertask project that focused on  opportunities for biomass pretreatment. It shows how currently available pretreatment technologies and technologies under development can help the supply chains for available solid biomass resources for thermochemical conversion. Five carefully selected case studies describe key options for pretreatment of solid biomass resources for energy generation, including their costs, effectiveness and commercial status.

Click here to view webinar including discussion and questions (please note that you will be redirected to the website IEA Bioenergy).

Download presentation FINAL_Intertask fuel pretreatment


Global Wood Pellet Industry and Trade Study 2017

Download | The report Global Wood Pellet Industry Market published in 2011 has always been the most downloaded document of IEA Bioenergy Task 40. We have decided to update the report and bring new insights on market trends and trade of the global wood pellets.


The global wood pellet market has increased dramatically since 2011, with an average increase
rate of 14% per year. New countries have entered the market for both, pellet production (such as those from South-East Europe) and pellet consumption (such as East Asia). Also the global wood pellet trade increased. Intercontinental flows are dominated by the trade relation between the U.S. and the UK, while the non-industrial use is still mainly an intra-European business.

IEA Energy Technology Network IEA Bioenergy, also known as the Technology Collaboration Programme (TCP) for a Programme of Research, Development and Demonstration on Bioenergy, functions within a Framework created by the International Energy Agency (IEA). Views, findings and publications of IEA Bioenergy do not necessarily represent the views or policies of the IEA Secretariat or of its individual Member countries.